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 您所在的位置:安徽中公考研 > 备考资料 > 考研英语 > 2015考研英语(二)试题及答案解析

2015考研英语(二)试题及答案解析

来源:安徽中公考研 发布日期:2017-11-15 11:15:38

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  2015年全国硕士研究生招生考试英语(二)试题

  Section Ⅰ Use of English

  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  In our contemporary culture, the prospect of communicating with - or even looking at - a stranger is virtually unbearable. Everyone around us seems to agree by the way they cling to their phones, even without a 1 on a subway.

  It’s a sad reality - our desire to avoid interacting with other human beings- because

  there’s 2 to be gained from talking to the stranger standing by you. But you wouldn’t know it,

  3 into your phone. This universal protection sends the 4 :“Please don’t approach me.”

  What is it that makes us feel we need to hid 5 our screens?

  One answer is fear, according to Jon Wortmann, an executive mental coach. We fear rejection, or that our innocent social advances will be 6 as “weird.” We fear we’ll be 7 . We fear we’ll be disruptive.

  Strangers are inherently 8 to us, so we are more likely to feel 9 when communicating with them compared with our friends and acquaintances. To avoid this uneasiness, we 10 to turn our phones. “Phones become our security blanket,” Wortmann says. “They are our happy glasses that protect us from what we perceive is going to be more 11 .”

  But once we rip off the band-aid, tuck our smartphones in our pockets and look up, it doesn’t

  12 so bad. In one 2011 experiment, behavioral scientists Nicholas Epley and Juliana Schroeder asked commuters todo the unthinkable:“Start a 13 . They had Chicago train commuters talk to their fellow 14 . When Dr. Epley and Ms. Schroeder asked other people in the same train station to 15 how the would feel after talking to a stranger, the commuters thought their 16 would be more pleasant if they sat on thier own,” The New York Times summarizes. Though the participants didn’t expect a positive experience, after they 17 with the experiment, “not a single person reported having been embarrassed.”

  18 these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those without communication, which makes absolute sense, 19 human beings thrive off of social connections. It's that 20 : Talking to strangers can make you feel connected.

  1.[A]signal [B]permit [C]ticket [D]record

  2.[A]nothing [B]little [C]another [D]much

  3.[A]beaten [B]guided [C]plugged [D]brought

  4.[A]sign [B]code [C]notice [D]message

  5.[A]under [B]behind [C]beyond [D]from

  6.[A]misapplied [B]mismatched [C]misajusted [D]misinterpreted

  7.[A]replaced [B]fired [C]judged [D]delayed

  8.[A]unreasonable [B]ungrateful [C]unconventional [D]unfamiliar

  9.[A]comfortable [B]confident [C]anxious [D]angry

  10.[A]attend [B]point [C]take [D]turn

  11.[A]dangerous [B] mysterious [C]violent [D]boring

  12.[A]hurt [B] resist [C]bend [D]decay

  13.[A]lecture [B]conversation [C]debate [D]negotiation

  14.[A]passengers [B]employees [C]researchers [D]trainees

  15.[A]reveal [B]choose [C]predict [D]design

  16.[A]voyage [B]ride [C]walk [D]flight

  17.[A]went though [B]did away [C]caught up [D]put up

  18.[A]In turn [B]In fact [C]In particular [D]In consequence

  19. [A]unless [B]since [C]if [D]whereas

  20. [A]funny [B]logical [C]simple [D]rare

  Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C,or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)

  Text 1

  A new study suggests that contrary to most surveys, people are actually more stressed at home than at work. Researchers measured people’s cortisol, which is a stress marker, while they were at work and while they were at home and found it higher at what is supposed to be a place of refuge.

  “Further contradicting conventional wisdom, we found that women as well as men have lower levels of stress at work than at home, ”writes one of the researchers, Sarah Damaske.In fact women even say they feel better at work, she notes. “ It is men, not women, who report being happier at home than at work. ”Another surprise is that findings hold true for both those with children and without, but more so for nonparents. This is why people who work outside the home have better health.

  What the study doesn’t measure is whether people are still doing work when they’re at home, whether it is household work or work brought home from the office. For many men, the end of the workday is a time to kick back. For women who stay home, they never get to leave the office. And for women who work outside the home, they often are playing catch-up-with-household tasks. With the blurring of roles, and the fact that the home front lags well behind the workplace a making adjustments for working women, it’s not surprising that women are more stressed at home.

  But it’s not just a gender thing. At work, people pretty much know what they’re supposed to be doing:working,marking money,doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income.The bargain is very pure:Employee puts in hours of physical or mental labor and employee draws out life-sustaining moola.

  On the home front, however, people have no such clarity.Rare is the household in which the division of labor is so clinically and methodically laid out. There are a lot of tasks to be done, there are inadequate rewards for most of them. Your home colleagues-your family-have no clear rewards for their labor; they need to be talked into it, or if they’re teenagers, threatened with complete removal of all electronic devices.Plus,they’re your family.You cannot fire your family.You never really get to go home from home.

  So it’s not surprising that people are more stressed at home. Not only are the tasks apparently infinite, the co-workers are much harder to motivate.

  21.According to Paragraph 1,most previous surveys found that home_____

  [A] offered greater relaxation than the workplace

  [B] was an ideal place for stress measurement

  [C] generated more stress than the workplace

  [D] was an unrealistic place for relaxation

  22. According to Damaske, who are likely to be the happiest at home?

  [A] Childless wives

  [B] Working mothers

  [C] Childless husbands

  [D] Working fathers

  23.The blurring of working women's roles refers to the fact that_____

  [A] it is difficult for them to leave their office

  [B] their home is also a place for kicking back

  [C] there is often much housework left behind

  [D] they are both bread winners and housewives

  24.The word“ moola”(Line4,Para4)most probably means_____

  [A] skills

  [B] energy

  [C] earnings

  [D] nutrition

  25.The home front differs from the workplace in that_____

  [A] division of labor at home is seldom clear-cut

  [B] home is hardly a cozier working environment

  [C] household tasks are generally more motivating

  [D] family labor is often adequately rewarded

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